Updated On - April 26th 2021, Updated By - Kishor Kumar Bairagi

BA Course

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All across India, BA courses, also known as Bachelors in Arts, are widely popular due to the broader range of career options they open for them. There are several colleges and universities across the nation that offer an array of BA Courses, and this range is the largest in terms of available specializations. Several degrees offer the learning and career development in Arts and Humanities, and BA Course is the most famous. The most popular specialization among this degree is in any Indian and foreign language. The other ones that follow the rankings ahead are Social Science, History, Economics, Geography, and much more. 

BA Course Admission 2021

Main highlights of BA courses:

  1. The course duration is generally three years.
  2. In any BA specialization, the students must study 5 mandatory subjects along with five electives. And the subjects vary based on selected specialization.
  3. Candidates can pursue BA full-time or part-time, in a distance mode or as a correspondence course.

Most popular BA Courses are available in India –

BA (Bachelors of Arts) is an undergraduate-level course in Arts and Humanities, and it has a duration of 3 years in Indian universities and colleges. BA degrees have various specializations, including BA Honours, BA Major, and BA General Programmes. Here is a tentative list of courses for BA in India:

  • BA in Education
  • BA in English
  • BA in Film Studies
  • BA in Comparative Literature
  • BA in Astrology
  • BA in Media Science
  • BA in Social Work
  • BA in Urdu
  • BA in Tourism
  • BA in Telugu
  • BA in Tamil
  • BA in Sociology
  • BA in Social Studies
  • BA in Rural development
  • BA in Punjabi
  • BA in Philosophy
  • BA in Home Science
  • BA in Fashion Designing
  • BA in Dance
  • BA in Acting
  • BA in Business Economics
  • BA in History
  • BA in Hindi
  • BA in Public Relations
  • BA in Physiology
  • BA in Political Science
  • BA in Gujarati
  • BA in Physical Education
  • BA in Geography
  • BA in Functional English
  • BA in Fine Arts
  • BA in French
  • BA in Odia
  • BA in Persian
  • BA in Music
  • BA in Mathematics
  • BA in Economics
  • BA in Marathi
  • BA in Arabic
  • BA in Drawing and Painting
  • BA in Anthropology
  • BA in Ancient History
  • BA in Kannada
  • BA in Malayalam
  • BA in Defence
  • BA in Communicative English
  • BA in Bengali
  • BA in Assamese
  • BA in Islamic Studies
  • BA in Journalism

There are other specializations, too, available in BA Courses, but these are the ones that most of the colleges and universities offer, and most of the candidates prefer.

Eligibility Criteria for a BA Course–

For choosing a BA course in any Indian college/ institute, the student's best of four percentages in class 12th Board results must match the percentile that the selected university or college prescribes. However, in some cases, the university also requires the candidates to have taken arts or humanities and studies it in higher school. For example, as English is a common subject, any candidate can choose BA English Honours. Still, for other ones like Hindi, Malayalam, Bengali, History, Economics, etc., the students must know them. There are some other courses too, and the candidates going for such courses need to learn everything from scratch in the graduation course. These courses include Fashion designing, Fine Arts, Media Studies, etc.

For admission in a BA Course, the student must have also completed a 10+2 level of education or have any similar degree.

BA Course admission 2021-22 process

BA Admission is offered by merit and entrance examinations, based on various colleges and universities across India. Here is a brief on both:

  • BA Course admission via merit: Based on the merit list, various colleges generate their cut-off lists, and the candidates with the score within the criteria are eligible to take admission in the considered program. In the nation's elite colleges, like Miranda House, Hindu College, Gargi College, etc., the cut-off goes up to 98% for the BA Courses.
  • BA Course admission via Entrance: Several other prominent colleges like Delhi University, Hindu University, and others take admission by entrance exams, like BHU UET, JNUEE, DUET, etc. For admission in a BA Course in these colleges, scores in Class 12th and these entrance examinations are considered.

The admission process for both entrance type and merit type is almost the same, starting with the registrations, uploading the required documents, and paying the application fees. The only difference between them is that one must collect their admit card and appear in the entrance examinations for taking admission via the latter process.

BA Course subjects and syllabus –

Based on the discipline or specialization, the subject and syllabus for various BA Courses vary. There are also some variations in the syllabus and subjects included in a BA course based on the student's university or college. Students can check the below-mentioned table to have a brief idea about some most prominent BA courses and a general list of subjects and syllabus to get a better idea for selecting the right course for themselves.

BA Course Name

List of included subjects

BA English

  •        English Literature 1 part I and II
  •        English Literature 2 part I and II
  •        English Literature 3 part I and II
  •        English Literature 4 part I and II
  •        English Literature 5 part I and II
  •        Nineteenth-Century European Realism part I and II
  •        Classical Literature part I and II
  •        Forms of Popular Fiction part I and II
  •        Twentieth-Century Indian Writing part I and II
  •        Concurrent – Credit Language, Qualifying     Language, and Interdisciplinary
  •        Concurrent – Discipline Centered part I and II
  •        Contemporary Literature part I and II
  •        Anglo-American Writing from 1930 part I and II
  •        Literary Theory part I and II
  •        Women’s Writing of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries part I and II
  •        Modern European Drama part I and II

BA Political Science

  •        Language – MIL
  •        English Environmental Science
  •        Environmental Science Language in MIL or English
  •        Political Theory
  •        Constitutional Government and Democracy across India
  •        Generic Elective – I, II, III, IV
  •        Political Theory Concepts and Debates and Political Process across India
  •        Basics of Comparative Government & Politics
  •        Perspectives on Public Administration and International Relations
  •        Ability Enhancement Course – I & II
  •        Pol. Processes and Inst. in Comparative Perspective
  •        Public Policies and Administration across India
  •        Global Politics
  •        Classical and Modern Political Philosophies
  •        Modern Indian Political Thought part I
  •        Indian Political Thoughts part II

BA History

  •        History of India part I and II
  •        History of India - III (c. 750 - 1206),IV (c.1206 - 1550),V (c. 1550 - 1605),VI (c. 1750 – 1857, VII (c. 1605 - 1750),VIII (c. 1857 - 1950)
  •        Social Formations and Cultural Patterns of the Ancient and medieval World
  •        Rise of Modern West part I and II
  •        History of Modern Europe – part I (c. 1780-1939),part II (1780-1939)
  •        History Of Southeast Asia - The 19TH Century and The 20th Century
  •        History of Modern East Asia – part I(c.1840 - 1919),part II (c. 1868 - 1945)

Generic Elective

  •        Environmental Issues across India
  •        Research Methodology in History
  •        Delhi: Ancient, medieval, and modern
  •        Making of Contemporary India
  •        Issues around the Contemporary World

Any Two: Understanding Heritage / Art Appreciation: Introduction to Indian Art / Archives and museums / Understanding the Popular Culture

Discipline-Specific Elective (Any Four)

       History Of Africa (c. 1500 - 1960s)

       History Of United States Of America – part 1(C. 1776 -1945),part 2(C. 1776 - 1945)

       History Of The USSR - I (c. 1917- 1964),II (c. 1917- 1964)

BA Psychology

  •        Introduction to Psychology
  •        Statistical Methods for Psychological Research part I and II
  •        Environmental Science
  •        Psychology general, Biopsychology, and Psychology of Individual Differences
  •        English Communication
  •        Youth, Gender and Identity
  •        Development of Psychological, Psychology and Psychological Disorders
  •        Positive Psychology
  •        Human Resource Management
  •        Organizational Behaviour
  •        Psychological Research
  •        Social, counselling, health and community Psychology
  •        Emotional Intelligence
  •        Psychology for Health, Well-being, and at work
  •        Understanding Psychological Disorders
  •        Applied Social Psychology
  •        Management of stress

BA Philosophy

  •        Indian and greek Philosophy
  •        Logic
  •        Text of Indian Philosophy and western Philosophy
  •        Ethics and applied ethics
  •        Western Philosophy: Descartes and Kant
  •        Social & Political Philosophy: Indian to Western
  •        Truth Functional Logic
  •        Analytic and continental Philosophy
  •        Philosophy of Religion (Indian and Western)
  •        Philosophy of Language (Indian and Western)
  • Discipline-Specific Elective-4 (DSE) Subject Centric (Any Four)
  •        Knowledge and scepticism
  •        Aesthetics
  •        Philosophy of mind, science, logic, and law
  •        Indian theories of consciousness and materialism
  • Generic Elective – 4
  •        Ethics In Public Domain
  •        Formal Logic
  •        Feminism
  •        Bio-Ethics
  • Skill Enhancement Course - 2
  •        Critical Thinking
  •        Art And Film Appreciation

BA Social Work

  •        Beginnings and fundamentals of Social Work
  •        Communication and Development
  •        Basic Concepts in Psychology
  •        Contemporary Social Concerns
  •        Social Psychology
  •        Sociology in Social Work
  •        Concurrent Field Work and credit and Qualifying Language
  •        Working with Individuals and groups
  •        Social Deviance & Social Problems
  •        Community Organisation
  •        Social Welfare & Administration
  •        Research in Social Work and reforms
  •        Mental, Physical, and Community Health
  •        Social Policy and Development
  •        Social Legislation & Human Rights
  •        Social Action & Movements
  •        Areas of Social Work Practice part II
  •        NGO Movement

BA Economics

  •        Introductory Microeconomics, macroeconomics, and economics
  •        Mathematical Methods for Economics Part I and II
  •        Ability Enhancement Compulsory Course Part I and II
  •        Generic Elective – I, II, III, and IV
  •        Intermediate Microeconomics Part I and II
  •        Intermediate Macroeconomics Part I and II
  •        Statistical Methods for Economics
  •        Skill Enhancement Course Part I and II
  •        Indian Economy Part I and II
  •        Development Economics Part I and II
  •        Discipline-Specific Elective Part I, II, III, and IV

BA Archaeology

  •        Informatics
  •        Basics of Indian Numismatics
  •        Introduction of Political Science
  •        Understanding Past
  •        Early Societies across India
  •        History of Folklore in India
  •        Growth of Indian Archaeology
  •        Introduction to Archives & Records
  •        Development of Sociological Theory
  •        Making of the Modern Kerala
  •        Development of Numismatics across India
  •        Governmental Machinery & Processes
  •        Methodology & Perspectives of Social Science
  •        History of Art & Architecture across India
  •        Basics of Archaeology
  •        Environmental History
  •        Basics of Sociology
  •        Cultural Transition in Pre-Modern Kerala
  •        Methods of Archaeology
  •        Archaeological Sites & Monuments across India
  •        Archival Conservation & Reprography

BA Sociology

  •        Social Stratification
  •        Gender, Sexuality and Gender Sensitisation
  •        Society through Visuals
  •        Techniques of Social Research
  •        Basics of Sociology
  •        Sociology across India
  •        Polity and Society of India
  •        Economy & Society
  •        Sociological Theories
  •        Methods of Sociological Enquiry
  •        Religion & Society
  •        Marriage, Family & Kinship

BA Geography

  •        Geomorphology
  •        Climatology
  •        Cartographic Techniques
  •        Spatial Dimensions for Development
  •        Statistical Methods of Geography
  •        Indian geography
  •        Concurrent – Discipline Centered part I, qualifying language, interdisciplinary, credit language
  •        Geographical Thought and its evolution
  •        Social and population Geography
  •        Analytical Physical Geography
  •        Oceanography
  •        Bio, agricultural, tourism and political Geography* (Optional)
  •        Remote Sensing - practical
  •        Urban and natural resources Geography
  •        Economic and environmental Geography
  •        Field Techniques
  •        Thematic Cartography - Practical
  •        Geography of Settlements
  •        Disaster Management
  •        Regional Planning - Case Studies
  •        Geographical Information System
  •        Contemporary Environmental Issues* and rural development(Optional)

BA Anthropology

  •        Introduction to Social Anthropology
  •        Anthropology of religion, economy and politics
  •        Biodiversity & Indigenous Knowledge
  •        Cell Biology part I and II
  •        Molecular Biology part I
  •        Tribes & Peasants in India
  •        Anthropology of India
  •        Molecular Biology part II
  •        Human Ecology: Biological Dimensions, social and cultural dimensions
  •        Biological Diversity in Human Populations
  •        Basics of Biological Anthropology
  •        Archaeological Anthropology Part I and II
  •        Technical Writing & Communication in English
  •        Computational Skills
  •        Genetics, human genetics & Genomics
  •        Fieldwork dissertation
  •        Fundamental of Human Origins and Evolution
  •        Anthropology of Kinship
  •        Biostatistics and Data Analysis
  •        Theories of Culture and Society
  •        Primate Biology
  •        Genomic Diversity in Human Populations
  •        Anthropology In Practice
  •        Genetics & Genomics part II

BA Linguistics

Discipline-Specific Course - 4

  •        Introduction of Language
  •        Elementary Phonetics & Phonology
  •        Morphosyntactic Processes
  •        Language, Mind & Brain

Discipline-Specific Elective Any Two

  •        Language, Society & Language change
  •        Linguistic Tradition & Historical Linguistics.

Generic Elective Any Two

  •        Issues in Applied Linguistics Part I and II
  •        GE - 2 (ii): Language Interfaces

Skill Enhancement Course (SEC)

  •        Understanding Human Language, Hindi as a Foreign Language, Translation and language concepts
  •        Understanding of Acquisition and Intervention.

BA Rural Studies

  •        Rural Development Elements
  •        Indian Rural Social Scene
  •        Rural Development Policies & Programmes
  •        Indian Rural Economic Scene


Preparation tips for a BA Course –

Here are some preparation tips that will help all the students pursuing any of the BA courses:

  1. Improve the vocabulary – This is essential as BA courses mainly deal with several reading and writing activities. Having excellent writing and communication skill is a plus point for any candidate pursuing a BA course.
  2. Reading and practicing more – Staying updated with the syllabus every day is essential. The student must read and practice more to understand the syllabus and pass the examinations with flying colors.
  3. Have in-depth knowledge and significant interest in involved subjects – A student must have in-depth knowledge about the subject under consideration and be immensely interested in it to ensure that he/she researches well and learn more about it.
  4. Revise – revising regularly is a key to scoring good marks in the final examinations. A student must always keep revising and understanding the involved subjects to score good marks.
  5. Have a timetable – Preparing a timetable for properly studying is essential as every course has several subjects. A student must cover all the subjects to get better grades in an examination.


Career and job opportunities after a BA course –

After completing a BA course, the student can pursue higher education, say an MA course in the same specialization as the graduation, a Bed course to be a teacher or any other higher education course. Apart from these, the candidates can also appear in any government exam or seek out some private job. Here is a brief on some prominent job opportunities for a BA graduate:

  • Content Writer – In this profile, the candidates must have research skills and command over the specific language they have to write. They can get a job in any private firm or can also work as a freelancer.
  • Flight steward/ air hostess – In this job profile, the candidate enters into the aviation industry and must ensure the passengers' security and safety onboard an aircraft.
  • Primary school teacher – ABA graduate can also become a primary school teacher, but he/she must also be creative and capable of handling kids to get this job profile.
  • Computer Operator – This is a job profile in the IT sector. A candidate must check the computer system's performance, ensure that the machine properly works, and do other similar tasks.
  • Customer Service Representative (CSR) – BA graduates can also become CSR to interact with the customers of a company or organization, handle them, address their concerns, and develop better plans and details for them.
  • Counselor - These are the trained professionals required to help people by listening to any of their issues or concerns or worries and advice them. 
  • Others – There are several other job profiles in which a BA graduate can seek employment and thrive. A few other job profiles involve social workers, Executive assistant, marketing manager, HR manager, Operations head, Expert of a language, Psychologist, Archaeologist, etc. 


Frequently Asked Questions –

Q1: Is BA Hons. better than BA?

A1: Yes, BA Hons. is better than BS because a candidate specializes in the particular subject of doing the former course. However, in the standard degree of a BA course, there is no specialization.

Q2: Can I choose to study MBA after completing my BA?

A2: Yes, you are allowed to do the same. However, this also depends on the course selected in the graduation level study and how it will benefit the MBA.

Q3: Does the BA course have any specialization for liberal arts?

A3: Yes, numerous universities and colleges offer BA Liberal Arts courses for the students. The duration of this is 4 years, unlike other prominent courses which have a duration of 3 years.

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